Densities of various substances

 

Substance Density (kg/m3)
 Beeswax 960
 Bakelite (solid) 1362
 Bicarbonate of soda 689
 Bone (dry powdered) 880
 Camphor 1000
 Charcoal 210
 Dow Corning 200 968
 Earth 1201
 Epoxy 1300
Substance Density (kg/m3)
 Guttapercha 977
 Hay and straw (in bales) 320
 Ice 900
 Ivory 1840
 Manure 400
 Mud 1600
 Paper 1200
 Paraffin 720
 Peat (dry) 400
Substance Density (kg/m3)
 Peat (wet) 1120
 Pitch 1150
 Porcelain 2300
 Potash 1280
 PTFE (teflon) 1200
 Rosin 1070
 Rubber 1520
 Soap 800
 Solar Panel 1500

Densities of some Common Materials
Densities in Imperial and SI-units

 

Material Density 
(lbs/ft3) (lbs/ft3) (kg/m3) (kg/m3)
ABS resin, pellet 45 721
Acetic acid, liquid 66
Acetone 49 785
Acrylic resin 33
Adipic acid, powder 45 721
Alcohol, ethyl 56
Alcohol, methyl 49 785
Alfalfa, ground 16
Almonds, shelled 30 35 481 561
Alum powder 50
Alumina 60 961
Aluminum hydrate 18
Aluminum oxide 60 100 961 1602
Aluminum silicate 35 45 721
Aluminum, powder 45 80 721 1281
Aluminum, shavings 7 15 240
Ammonium nitrate, prill 45 60 721 961
Ammunium sulphate 40 58 929
Apple seed 32 513
Asbestos fibers 20 25 400
Ash, coal, damp 45 50 721 801
Ash, coal, dry 35 45 721
Asphalt, liquid 65 1041
Aviation fuel (jp-4) 49
Bakalite, powder 30 40 481 641
Baking powder 40 45 721
Baking soda 70 80 1121 1281
Ball clay 25
Bagasse - exiting the final mill 7.5 120
Bagasse - stacked to 2 metre height (moisture = 44%) 11 176
Bark, wood refuse 10 20 160 320
Barley, flour 25 30 481
Barley, ground 25 30 400 481
Barley, kernal 35 40 641
Barley, malted 31 497
Bauxite, crushed 75 85 1362
Beans, caster 36 577
Beans, coffee 22 40 641
Beans, lima 45 721
Beans, navy 48
Beans, soy 45 47 721 753
Bentonite, lump 25 40 641
Bentonite, powder 50 60 801 961
Bicarbonate of soda 41
Blood, dry 35 45 561 721
Bone meal 55 60 961
Borate of lime 50 70 801 1121
Borax 50 70 1121
Boric acid powder 55 881
Bran, oat 25
Bran, wheat 15 20 240 320
Brewers grain 27
Brewers grits 33 529
Bronze chips 30 50 801
Buckwheat 34 42 545 673
Buckwheat flour 40
Butter 54 865
Buttermilk powder 25 30 481
Cake mix 30 40 481 641
Calcium carbide 75
Calcium carbonate 75 1201
Calcium oxide 27
Cane - whole stick, tangled and tamped down as in a cane transport vehicle 12.5 200
Cane - whole stick, neatly bundled 25 400
Cane - billetted 22 352
Cane - whole stick tangled, but loosely tipped into cane carrier 10 160
Cane - knifed 18 288
Cane - shredded 20 320
Carbide powder 100 1602
Carbon black powder 4 25 400
Carbon black, pellet 20 45 320 721
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon, granulated, activated 50 60 801 961
Carbon, graphite 40
Casein powder 35 40 561 641
Cashew nuts 32 37 593
Caster beans 36 577
Cat food 20 25 400
Cellophane, flocking 5 80
Cellulose acetate 10
Cellulose, flocking 1.5 3 24 48
Cement powder, portland 85 95 1522
Cement, clinker 75 90 1201 1442
Cereal flake 12
Chalk, fine 70 75 1121 1201
Chalk, lump 85 90 1442
Charcoal 15 30 240 481
Chromium ore 135
Cinders, coal 40 50 641 801
Citric acid 55
Clay, attapulgus 55 881
Clay, ball 25
Clay, bentonite 51 817
Clay, calcined 80
Clay, dicalite 20 50 320 801
Clay, kaoline 20 60 961
Clay, sno-brite 15 50 240 801
Clay, whitex 15 50 801
Clinker, cement 80 1281
Clinker, coal 80 90 1442
Coal, ground 40 641
Coal, lump 45 55 881
Coconut, shredded 20 22 320 352
Coffee bean, green 32 45 721
Coffee bean, roasted 22 30 352 481
Coffee, ground 20
Coke, calcined, petrol 35 45 561 721
Copper ore 135
Copper oxide 190 3043
Cork, ground 5 15 240
Corn bran 13 208
Corn cob, ground 35
Corn, cracked 35 40 561 641
Corn, flaked 6
Corn, gern 21 336
Corn, gluten 26 33 529
Corn, grits 40 45 641 721
Corn, ground 30 35 561
Corn, meal 32 40 513 641
Corn, starch 25 35 561
Corn, sugar, liquid 88 1410
Corn, sugar, powder 31
Corn, whole kernel 45 721
Cotton blossoms 15 25 400
Cottonseed 22 40 352 641
Cottonseed hulls 12
Cottonseed meats 40 641
Cottonseed oil 58
Cottonseed, meal 35 40 561 641
Cream powder 38
Cullett, glass 120 1922
Dextrin 50 55 881
Dextrose 31 497
Diatomacaous earth 11 14 224
Dicalcium phosphate 43 689
Diesel fuel 52
Dirt, dry 65 80 1041 1281
Distillars grain 30
Dog food, IAMS minichunk 26 416
Dolomite, lump 88 99 1586
Dolomite, powdered 45 721
Down, goose 1
Ebonite, crushed 65 70 1041 1121
Emery, crushed 95
Epsom salt 40 50 641 801
Ethanol 56
Ethyl ether 44 705
Ethylene glycol 70
Expancel microsphere 0.8 13
Farina 44
Feathers, goose 1 16
Feed pellets, animal 32 38 609
Feldspar, ground 65 70 1041 1121
Ferrous sulphate 50 75 1201
Fertilizer, phosphate 60 961
Fish meal 25 40 641
Flax seed 40 45 641 721
Flour, barley 25 30 481
Flour, corn 30 34 481 545
Flour, patent 20
Flour, wheat 30 35 481 561
Flourospar 90
Fluff, poly-fim floc 1.5 2 24 32
Fly ash 35 45 721
Froot loops, kellogs 8 128
Fullers earth 35 45 721
Gasoline 45 721
Gelatine, granulated 32
Gilsonite 37 593
Glass bead 120
Glass cullett crushed 120 1922
Gluten, wheat 30 35 561
Glycerine 78 1249
Golf tees 15
Graphite, ground 25 30 400 481
Grass seed 10 35 561
Gravel 75 85 1201 1362
Grits, corn 40 45 721
Grits, rice 42 45 673 721
Gun powder 50
Gypsum, lump 90 100 1442 1602
Gypsum, powder 60 80 1281
Hay 5 24 80 384
HDPE, polethylene 35 40 641
Hominey 37 50 593 801
Hops 35
Hops, spent dry 35 561
Hydrochloric acid 75
Ice, crushed 55 881
Illmenite, ground 120
Iron chips 165 2643
Iron ore 150
Iron oxide 180 2883
Jet fuel, jp4 51
Kafir 40 45 641 721
Kalsomine, powder 32
Kaoline, crushed 20 22 320 352
Kerosene 51
Lactose 32 513
LDPE, polyethylene 35
Lead oxide 30 150 481 2403
Liginite 40 55 881
Lima beans dry 45 721
Lime, hydreated 25 30 481
Lime, pebble 55 65 881 1041
Lime, quicklime 25 30 481
Lime, slaked 32 513
Limestone, crushed 85 95 1522
Limestone, dust 68 1089
Linseed oil 58
Linseed, kernel 25 400
Maize, kernel 45
Malt sugar 30 35 481 561
Malt, dry, whole 30 35 561
Malt, ground, dry 20 320
Malt, spent, damp 55 65 1041
Malt, spent, dry 10 160
Maltodextrin powder 35
Maple syrup 85 1362
Marble, crushed 85 95 1522
Menthol 49 785
Metal dust 50 120 1922
Methanol 49 785
Methyl alcohol 49
Mica 13 30 208 481
Milk powder 15 20 320
Milk sugar 32 513
Miller, ground 35
Millet seed 48 769
Mineral oil 57
Mineral spirits 49 785
Molybdenum, floc 10 12 192
Monosodium phosphate 50 801
Muriate of potash 77
Mustard seed 45 721
Naphthalene 56
Napthalene flakes 45 721
Navy beans, dry 48
Nitrate of soda 68 1089
Nitric acid 94
Nitrocellulose 25 400
Nylon 35 45 721
Oat flour 30 35 481 561
Oat hulls 8 12 192
Oat meal 35 40 561 641
Oat middlings 35 45 721
Oats 25 35 400 561
Oats, bran 25
Oats, ground 25 30 400 481
Oats, rolled 24
Octane 45 721
Oil, linseed 58
Oil, olive 57 913
Oil, petroleum, crude 53
Oil, sperm whale 57 913
Oil, transformer 55
Oil, turpentine 54 865
Oxalic acid, crystals 60
Oyster shells, ground 53 849
Paper, shreaded 5 12 192
Paraffin wax 45 721
PC, polycarbonate 34 36 577
Peanut shell refuse 4 64
Peanuts, shelled 35 45 721
Peanuts, unshelled 15 24 240 384
Peas, dry 45 50 801
Peat 25 50 400 801
Perlite, expanded 3
Petroleum oil 51 817
Phosphate rock, crushed 60 80 1281
Phosphate sand 90 100 1442 1602
Plaster of Paris 50 55 881
Plastic pellet 34 48 545 769
Ployethylene, pellet 34 36 577
Ployvinyl chloride, powder 30 481
Polyethylene pellet 35 37 593
Polypropylene powder 25 400
Polypropylene, pellet 34 36 577
Polystyrene, expanded beads 1.5 24
Polystyrene, pellet 40
Polyvinyl chloride, pellet 48 52 769 833
Popcorn, popped 2-3
Popcorn, shelled 45 50 721 801
Potash 50 60 961
Potasium chloride 2 3 32 48
Potassium carbonate 45 50 801
Potassium chloride 75 1201
Potassium nitrate 76
Potassium sulphate 42 48 673 769
Potato flake 12
Potato starch 40 641
Pumice 40 45 721
PVC polyvinyl chloride 48 52 769 833
Quartz, sand 80 100 1602
Rape seed 45 50 721 801
Rice 45 50 801
Rice bran 20 320
Rice flour 30
Rice grits 42 45 673 721
Rubber, ground 25 50 801
Rye 44 705
Rye, flour 30
Salt, coarse crushed 45 55 721 881
Salt, granulated 70 80 1281
Saltpeter 75 1201
Sand, damp 100
Sand, dry 80 100 1281 1602
Sand, silica 95
Sandstone, crushed 80 95 1281 1522
Sawdust 4 12 192
Sea water 64 1025
Semolina 35 40 641
Sesame seed 27 37 432 593
Shellac powder 30 35 561
Silica flour 35 40 561 641
Silica gel 30 45 721
Silica sand 95 1522
Slag, furnace 60
Slakes lime 32 513
Slate, crushed 80 90 1442
Soap powder 20 25 320 400
Soda ash 30 45 721
Sodium bicarbonate 41 657
Sodium chloride 70
Sodium hydroxide, flake 47 753
Sodium nitrate 68 80 1281
Sodium sulphate 80 1281
Sorghum seed 42 50 801
Soybean flour 27 35 432 561
Soybean hulls 6
Soybean meal 36 50 577 801
Soybean, flakes 18 25 400
Soybean, whole 47 753
Soybeean, cracked 35
Spelt flour 25 30 400 481
Starch powder 25 35 561
Steel, chips 150 2403
Sucrose - crystal 99 1586
Sucrose - amorphous 94 1507
Sugar, brown 45 721
Sugar, dextrose, powder 50
Sugar, granulated 53 849
Sugar, milk 32
Sugar, powdered 50 60 801 961
Sugar, raw 55 65 1041
Sulfuric acid 112 1794
Sulphur, crushed 55 70 1121
Sunflower seed 36 577
Talcum powder 4 62 993
Tar 72 1153
Tea leaves 12
Terephalic acid powder 45 721
Timothy seed 36
Tin oxide 100 1602
Titanium dioxide 40 50 801
Tobacco, flake 2 5 32 80
Toulene 54
Transmission oil 54 865
Trisodium phosphate 50 60 961
Urea, prill 34 42 545 673
Vermiculite ore 80
Vermiculite, expanded 17 272
Walnut meats 25
Walnut shells, ground 40 45 641 721
Water 62
Wax 15 20 240 320
Wheat bran 12
Wheat gluten 30 35 481 561
Wheat, craked 35 45 721
Wheat, flaked 7 10 112 160
Wheat, flour 30 35 561
Wheat, ground 40 641
Wheat, whole kernel 45 55 881
Whey powder 35 46 561 737
Wood chips 20 30 481
Wood flour 15 25 240 400
Wood shavings 3 10 160
Xanthum gum 48 769
Zinc ore 125
Zinc oxide 10 30 160 481
Zinc, calcined, crushed 70 90 1442

 

Densities of some solids are indicated below.

Solid Density
(103 kg/m3) (lb/ft3)
ABS   66
Agate 2.5 - 2.6 156 - 168
Acrylic   74
Alabaster carbonate 2.7 - 2.8 168 - 173
Alabaster sulfate 2.3 143
Alum, lumpy 0.881 55
Alum, pulverized 0.752 47
Alumina (aluminium oxide) 0.961 60
Aluminum 2.7 167
Aluminum Bronze   486
Albite 2.6 - 2.65 163 - 165
Alloys    
Amber 1.06 - 1.1 66 - 69
Amphiboles 2.9 - 3.2 180 - 200
Andesite, solid 2.77 173
Anorthite 2.74 - 2.76 171 - 172
Antimony, cast 6.7 418
Arsenic 4.7 291
Asbestos 2.0 - 2.8 125 - 175
Asbestos, shredded 0.35 22
Asbestos, solid 2.45 153
Ashes 0.65 41
Asphalt, compacted 2.36 147
Asphalt, crushed 0.72 45
Bakelite 1.36 85
Baking powder 0.72 45
Barite, crushed 2.89 180
Barium 3.78 236
Bark, wood refuse 0.24 15
Basalt 2.4 - 3.1 150 - 190
Bauxite, crushed 1.28 80
Beeswax 0.96 60 - 61
Beryl 2.7 168
Biotite 2.7 - 3.1 170 - 190
Bismuth 9.8 607
Bone 1.7 - 2.0 106 - 125
Bone, pulverized 0.88 55
Borax, fine 0.85 53
Brass 8.48
Brick 1.4 - 2.2 87 - 137
Brick, fire   143
Brick, hard   125
Brick, pressed   137
Brickwork in cement   112
Brickwork in mortar   100
Butter 0.87 53
Calamine 4.1 - 4.5 255 - 280
Calcspar 2.6 - 2.8 162 - 175
Camphor 1 62
Caoutchouc 0.9 - 1 57 - 62
Cardboard 0.7 43
Cast Iron 7.2
Celluloid 1.4 87
Cement, set 2.7 - 3 170 - 190
Cement, Portland 1.5 94
Chalk 1.9 - 2.8 118 - 175
Charcoal, oak 0.6 35
Charcoal, pine 0.3 - 0.4 18 - 28
Cinnabar 8.1 507
Clay 1.8 - 2.6 112 - 162
Coal, anthracite 1.4 - 1.8 87 - 112
Coal, bituminous 1.2 - 1.5 75 - 94
Cocoa, butter 0.9 56
Coke 1 - 1.7 62 - 105
Concrete    
Copal 1 - 1.15 65 - 71
Copper 8.79
Cork 0.2 - 0.25 14 - 16
Cork, linoleum 0.55 34
Corundum 4.0 247
CPVC   97
Lead Crystal 3.1 192
Diamond 3 - 3.5 188 - 220
Dolomite 2.8 177
Earth, loose   75
Earth, rammed   100
Ebonite 1.15 72
Emery 4 250
Epidote 3.2 - 3.5 203 - 218
Feldspar 2.6 - 2.8 159 - 172
Flint 2.6 164
Fluorite 3.2 198
Galena 7.3 - 7.6 460 - 470
Gallium 5.9 366
Gamboge 1.2 75
Garnet 3.2 - 4.3 197 - 268
Gas carbon 1.9 117
Gelatin 1.3 79
Germanium 5.32 330
Glass, common 2.4 - 2.8 150 - 175
Glass, flint 2.9 - 5.9 180 - 370
Glue 1.3 79
Gneiss 2.69 168
Granite 2.6 - 2.8 165 - 172
Graphite 2.3 - 2.7 144 - 170
Gum arabic 1.3 - 1.4 81 - 87
Gypsum 2.3 144
Hematite 4.9 - 5.3 306 - 330
Hornblende 3 187
Ice 0.917 57.2
Iron 7.87 488
Ivory 1.8 - 1.9 114 - 120
Lead 11.35
Leather, dry 1.3 - 1.4 54
Lime, slaked 1.35 84
Limestone 2.7 -2.8 167 - 171
Linoleum 1.2 74
Magnetite 4.9 - 5.2 306 - 324
Malachite 3.7 - 4.1 231 - 256
Marble 2.6 - 2.8 160 - 177
Meerschaum 1 - 1.3 62 - 80
Metals    
Mica 2.6 - 3.2 165 - 200
Muscovite 2.8 - 3 172 - 187
Nylon 1.12
Ochre 3.5 218
Opal 2.2 137
Paper 0.7 - 1.15 44 - 72
Paraffin 0.9 55
Peat blocks 0.85 52
Pitch 1.1 67
Porcelain 2.3 - 2.5 143 - 156
Porphyry 2.6 - 2.9 162 - 181
Pressed wood, pulp board 0.19 12
Pyrite 4.9 - 5.1 309 - 318
PVC 1.36
Quartz 2.65 165
Resin 1.07 67
Rock salt 2.2 136
Rubber, hard 1.2 74
Rubber, soft commercial 1.1 69
Rubber, pure gum 0.91 - 0.93 57 - 58
Sandstone 2.1 - 2.4 134 - 147
Serpentine 2.5 - 2.65 156 - 165
Silica, fused transparent 2.2 138
Silica, translucent 2.1 129
Silicon 2.33 144
Slag 2 - 3.9 125 - 240
Slate 2.6 - 3.3 162 - 205
Soapstone 2.6 - 2.8 162 - 175
Spermaceti 0.95 59
Starch 1.5 95
Steel 7.82
Sugar 1.6 99
Talc 2.7 - 2.8 168 - 174
Tallow, beef 0.95 59
Tallow, mutton 0.95 59
Tar 1.05 66
Tin 7.28
Topaz 3.5 - 3.6 219 - 223
Tourmaline 3 - 3.2 190 - 200
Wax, sealing 1.8 112
Wood (seasoned)    
Zinc 7.12